Key Words and Sounds

We are always asking children to find the high frequency words in books to improve their word recognition. Have you ever tried this with your children? Look Closely!

Words 'n' Dice (Words)

Each child will need two dice to play this game which will help develop their word recognition.

The children will roll and then read out the word in the box. E.g. If a child rolls 1 and 1, they read out the first word in the 1/1 box.


Words 'n' Dice (Blank)

Another Words ‘n’ Dice game, but this is  blank copy which enables you to differentiate.

You can work on tricky words, words from reading books, words with specific sounds, CVC, CCVC, CVCC and so on.

Balloon Key Words

Allow your children to write the words they are finding tricky, spellings, words with a specific sound, topical words and more onto a balloon. The children then bring the balloon home and they can practise reading the words with an adult throughout the week.

If the children can read all the words by the end of the week, allow the class to play balloon volleyball for 10 minutes as a treat!

Rhyming Rockets

This is a great learning game that helps your children identify rhyming words. You can choose from different levels to differentiate.

HF and Key Words

Check out this great learning resource to help your kids with HF and key words.

You can select from the lists provided to differentiate the activity.

Key Word Recognition

Your children can work on developing their sight vocabulary skills which will help develop fluency in a fun way.

Phonics Games

If you are looking for games linked to CVC, CVCC, CCVC words and individual sounds worksheets and activities, click the image to be directed to our dedicated phonics section.

Word Wheels

Allow your children to create different words using the word wheels.

You children will write a letter/s in each section of the two wheels and write the focus sound in the middle of the rectangular box. E.g. medial ‘o’ or ‘oa’. Using  split pins, you must then connect the wheels to the rectangular frame.

Your children can now create different words.

Consonant Blends Activities

If you are looking for interactive activities and printable worksheets and resources for initial consonant clusters then visit on page by clicking here.

Happy Readers

Allow your children to get more out of their reading books with our fantastic activity card.

The children are encouraged to think about new words, characters, setting, compound words, capital letters, full stops and give explanations.

Real or Nonsense?

Complete the worksheet by writing in real and nonsense words and the children must identify them by circling the real words.

Link this activity to your phonics and sounds of the week or key words.

Sink the Sub

Allow your children to write 8 CVC, CVCC, CCVC words to develop their phonological awareness and spelling skills.

Consonant Blends Spelling Flashcards

This resource allows your class to put their consonant blends knowledge to the test and spell words independently.

The children must look at the pictures and stretch and spell the words.

By printing off these flashcards, your children can choose pictures at random to develop phonological awareness and spelling skills, focusing on consonant blends at the beginning of words.

Blends Game

Your children must listen to the word spoken and match it to the consonant cluster.

Pacman - Consonant Clusters

This is a phonics game based on the format of the original arcade game Pacman.

The children are working on initial consonant clusters and must read the CCVC words to move around the board. This learning game also works on word recognition and improves sight vocabulary.

The children will get into pairs. The first child will start at the Pacman and will try to read all the words to reach the Teaching Cave logo. The second player will choose a ghost and follow player 1’s Pacman. Every 5 seconds, player 2 will move their ghost to the next word in an attempt to catch the Pacman.

Once the children have grasped the game, reduce the waiting time for the ghost.

Pacman - Consonant Clusters (Harder)

This is a phonics game based on the format of the original arcade game Pacman.

The children are working on initial consonant clusters and must read the words to move around the board.

Key Word Bingo

Allow your children to work on key words linked to phonics or spellings.

Ask your children to write down words linked to their sound of the day or week. Read out different sentences linked to the words and the children can cover the words should they hear them. E.g. The book was sitting on the shelf.

CVC Spelling Flashcards

This resource gives your class the opportunity to develop spelling skills for CVC words.

The children must break each picture down into sounds and spell independently.

The children must select the pictures at random and can practise writing them using the app Explain Everything or whiteboards.

CVC Picture and Word Match

In this learning game your children will be challenged to blend the CVC words to say the word. Once they have grasped the word they must match it to the picture.

This game explores different medial vowels to ensure a wider range of CVC words are being covered.

CVC Scrabble

Allow your class to develop their knowledge of CVC words focusing on medial vowels.

This resource has flashcards for words: net, bib, hot, dig, mug, car, top, log, bag, bat, hat, bin, red, ten, pen,  pin, sun, cub, hut, bug, box, mop, pot, dog, kit, fin, pig and lip.

You will need scrabble letters or your can use cubes. The children must create the word to match the picture by sounding out.

You can also give each child in your class the resources and ask them to sort them based on the medial vowel.

Spelling in Context

This game allows your children to put their spelling knowledge to the test and write the CVC words they know into context.

Your children must listen to the story and write the words in the missing spaces.

One Minute Phonics - CVC Words Stage 1

This one minute phonics activity works on using different letters to create CVC words. The letters are split into boxes with vowels in the middle.

This activity develops skills and understanding of  medial vowels. Children find medial vowel challenging so this phonics activity card will give them a quick blast to consolidate the learning of CVC words.

Encourage the children to use cubes, scrabble blocks, magnetic letters or write them in books or on a whiteboard.

Time your class and this will give them a target to beat each day.

One Minute Phonics - CVC Words Stage 2

Now that your class have completed stage one and are familiar with creating CVC words practically, they can now move on to create some CVC words from memory.

Each box has a different medial vowel. The children will have one minute to fill one box. Once the task is over, your more able children can try to write a sentence using one or more CVC words. Your less able children can write the words on the lines.

There are also blank activity cards with no medial vowel E.g.  _ _ _ to challenge your more able children, as they must add in the medial vowel also.

You can also use this activity to work on initial and final sounds. You can give each child a different letter throughout the week and they must write a word in each box using that particular letter.

Overall, a fantastic resource!

Consonant Clusters

This is a great phonics resource to have when looking at consonant clusters in words. it looks at different words using the st   sk   sn   sl   sp  sc   sh   sm  and  sw  sounds.

Our one minute phonics activity is a great and fast paced way to get your class engaged and focused on their phonics lesson.

The first group of activity cards explore mostly four letter CCVC words. It explores words such as spot, skid, slip, stop, step, spin, scan, scar, shin, ship, swim, smog and many more.

The children can place the different sounds together to see if they can create a word. These specific sounds have also been chosen to develop vowel sounds within words.

The second group activity cards focus on words that have more than four letter to challenge your more able children. Words such as skirt, snail, snake, stamp, swing, smile, speed and skate are some of the many words the children can create.

Click the image to download this resource.

Phonics Stories

Check out all of our phonics stories and activity cards to develop reading for meaning and comprehension skills in Foundation/Early KS1.

The children must use the story to complete the sentences on the activity cards.

The activity cards are also linked to phoneme spotting and capital letters and full stops to ensure your class are developing punctuation skills as well.

One Minute Phonics Activity Cards

If you are looking for a quick and effective activity to act as a warm up activity for phonics then look no further.

This is an example of our one minute phonics task. The children will be given different consonant clusters, vowel teams, split digraphs and word endings to create new words. They must choose beginning sounds and match them to the final sounds to create as many words as they can in one minute.

Key Word Scrabble

This activity card can be applied to many activities.

Your class can try to link as many of their high frequency, phonics, topic or spelling words as they can. This works using the scrabble format.

You can give your class a word to begin with or you can allow them to choose a word. Ensure the word is long to get the most out of the activity.

You class will love the challenge of creating as many words as they can.

To extend this activity, add in values for each letter to create scores and link it to numeracy.

Word Hop

This game develops your child’s word recognition skills.

The aim of the game is to listen to the word that has been read and click the correct word. Your cat will race other cats to see who is the quickest.

A game like this develop sight vocabulary which will help their fluency when reading independently.

High Frequency Word Spinner

This spinner allows your children to develop their sight vocabulary, learn new words or work on different sounds.

You can input words to display on the spinner to differentiate the activity to suit your abilities.

Phonemes and Words

This is a wonderful resource that can be displayed on the classroom IWB. The resource is primarily aimed to develop phonological awareness but can also be used at the lower end of the school as a word recognition activity.

This resource explores a variety of phonemes and can be worked on as a whole class, group, independent or an activity for home.

Words and Minecraft

Using the Minecraft app, allow your children to create different words with the sound you are exploring.

This is a great way to encourage your class to reflect on letter formation and using their sounds knowledge effectively.

CVC Flashcards

This resource included 12 words of each medial vowel sound to help your children develop their word recognition and medial vowel knowledge.

Children get particularly confused at times as to which vowel they need to use when writing independently. This resources gives them many examples to develop their phonics knowledge.

CVC Word Creator

This is a super resource that includes 12 flashcards using the medial vowels a  e  i  o  &  u.

Your class must create as many words as they can using the flashcards. They can do this practically using cubes or scrabble pieces or by writing the CVC words in books or whiteboards. Each medial vowel has two different cards and your children must ensure that the medial vowel, which is a different colour, is in the middle of each word.

This is a great resource as a warm up activity during registration and as a plenary to consolidate what has been learnt.

Final Sound in Words

This activity allows your children to insert the final sound to complete the word. There is a picture for each word to give your children help.

Final Sounds - 1 Minute Phonics

This is an example of our one minute phonics task. The children will be given different endings to words. They must then choose beginning sounds and match them to the final sounds to create as many words as they can in one minute.

This resource covers st   sk   nk   lk   nd 

lf   lp   lt   nt   pt  xt   mp   ft  sounds.

Your children will be able to make words such as fast, blast, desk, mask, tank, pink, walk, talk, sand, band, elf, help, gulp, bolt, felt, slept, kept, text, next, damp, stamp, lift, loft and many more.

Final Sound - 'mp'

If your class are learning about the final consonant blend ‘mp’ this is the resource for you.

The children can develop their word recognition by reading the words with the pictures to assist.

There are also cards that challenge your class by omitting some letters in the words to test their spelling.

This resource is great as a simple activity or homework.

Final Sound - 'nk'

This is another flashcards resource that explores the final consonant blend ‘nk’.

The words explored are drink, think, stink, sink, pink, tank, blank and trunk.

The children can develop their word recognition by reading the words with the pictures to assist.

There are also cards that challenge your class by omitting some letters in the words to test their spelling.

This resource is great as a simple activity or homework.

Final Sound - 'nd'

This resource introduces your children to words that end with ‘nd’.

These words have been chosen as they give your class a range of vowel sounds and rhyming words to identify as well as learning new ‘nd’ words.

The words included are island, hand, wind, pond, sound, pound, blind and stand.

Final Sound

This activity allows your class to consolidate the learning of the nt st nd ck ft ng and lk final sounds.

Rhyming Words

Your class can work on recognising final sounds in words by completing this rhyming activity.

The children must find the rhyming teams and will soon become aware that there may be more than two words in the rhyming teams.

Words and Noodles

This is a practical example of how you can create words and rearrange letters to develop CVC, CCVC or CVCC word recognition and spelling.